John Locke
Equality of Mankind
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20130327                              Human Rights (Equality)

"And reason ... teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions."quote pasted from"" site no longer active though many links occur on other sites.

This quote is a classic "if - then" statement. "If" people are equal and independent "then" it logically follows (enthymemically) that harming another is bad as a logical, therefore moral (i.e. logical for Locke) imperative. Deeper is another "if - then" pair, also enthymemic in my exposure of it here. "If" you harm someone else, "then" you harm yourself since you are equal to that you harmed. Even deeper, "If" harming oneself is bad, "then" harming others is bad. Some dispute each of these premises.